You can live a full, thriving life with diabetes when your blood sugar is tightly controlled. Uncontrolled blood sugar, however, leads to serious complications such as vision loss and kidney disease. Beata I. Styka, MD, in Palos Heights, Illinois, provides comprehensive diabetes management, monitoring your blood sugar, teaching you about lifestyle changes that lower blood sugar, and prescribing medication when needed. To get the long-term support you need for diabetes management, book an appointment online or call the office today.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when your immune system attacks and damages cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. As a result, your body no longer has a supply of insulin.
When sugar levels in your bloodstream get too high, insulin removes the excess sugar. Without insulin, your blood sugar stays higher than the normal range, putting you at risk for serious health problems.
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your pancreas produces insulin, but not enough to keep your blood sugar normal. Patients with Type 2 diabetes also develop insulin resistance. As a result, their bodies can’t use the insulin that’s available, and their blood sugar levels rise.
Type 1 diabetes typically emerges before the age of 14, while Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults older than 40. However, both types can appear at any age.
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes cause the same symptoms, including:
The difference between the two types is that symptoms appear quickly in Type 1 diabetes. By comparison, Type 2 diabetes develops gradually, making your symptoms harder to notice.
High blood sugar gradually damages small nerves and blood vessels throughout your body. Over time, this damage causes many possible problems including vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy, chronic kidney disease, nonhealing foot ulcers, and cardiovascular disease.
Once you develop diabetes, you’ll have it for the rest of your life because there’s currently no cure. Dr. Styka uses HealthLab to routinely run blood work and monitor your blood sugar. Then she develops customized treatment to keep your blood sugar within the normal range. Diabetes management includes:
Dr. Styka teaches you how to follow a balanced meal plan and limit foods that raise your blood sugar. You can also lower blood sugar with regular exercise and weight loss if needed.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin and regularly check your blood sugar levels. Patients with Type 2 diabetes may need insulin or another type of medication that lowers blood sugar if lifestyle changes fail to control blood sugar levels.
To get ongoing diabetes care, call Beata I. Styka, MD, or book an appointment online today.